Expressionism is a generalized term referring to artworks that emphasize the communication of emotions. Expressionist artists use colors, shapes and forms to express their emotions, in a personalized manner.
While there have been several Expressionist movements, the two most prominent ones are: the GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM and the ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM.
The PRIMIVITIZING art of the two German groups: DIE BRÜCKE “The Bridge” (Erich HECKEL, Ernst KIRCHNER, and Karl SCHMIDT-ROTTLUF) and the DER BLAUE REITER “The Blue Reiter” (Alexei VON JAWLENSKY, Wassily KANDINSKY, Paul KLEE, August MACKE, Franz MARC and Gabriele MÜNTER), is jointly referred to as German Expressionism.
The movement Abstract Expressionism generally referred to American abstract artists, of the 19402 and 1950s that created emotive artworks, in contrast to the more geometric abstract works.